5 Security Challenges Experienced by the Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IoT) is the interconnection of physical devices, vehicles, home appliances, and other items embedded with software, sensors, and network connectivity that enable them to collect and exchange data. IoT has revolutionized our lives and work, providing enhanced convenience and efficiency. However, with the increasing number of interconnected devices, a heightened need for security is needed to protect against cyber threats. But what are the challenges experienced by IoT in safety, and how are they being addressed?

1. Privacy and Security

One of the most significant challenges facing IoT is privacy and security. With the interconnectivity of devices, there is an increased risk of cyber-attacks. Deploying IoT devices without proper security measures could lead to data breaches, hacking, and unauthorized access to sensitive information. For example, hackers could access personal information like bank details, health data, and other personally identifiable information, or, potentially more likely, hackers can take over IoT devices and get thousands of them to all push data to a specific target address, creating a huge Distributed Denial Of Service attack (DDOS).

Security protocols have been developed to protect against cyber threats. Encryption and authentication are critical security measures to protect data transmitted between devices. Additionally, firewalls, access controls, and intrusion detection systems are essential security measures to protect IoT devices. Network configuration and secure access gateways should also be used to validate the authenticity of devices.

2. Data Services

Another significant challenge for IoT is data services. IoT devices can generate vast amounts of data, which can be challenging to manage and analyze. The lack of proper data management can lead to bloated storage, legacy data being retained, data breaches and other security issues. Data privacy and protection are two critical aspects of data services that must be addressed to ensure the safety and security of the data.

Big data is generally not very good for IoT deployments, this catch-all approach shows a lack of imagination and understanding when it comes to data sets and knowing what value the data has and how to use it to address business problems.

Cloud-based data storage and analytics platforms have been developed to address these challenges. These platforms provide a secure and scalable infrastructure for storing and analyzing data generated by IoT devices. Data protection laws, such as the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), have also been implemented to regulate personal data collection, storage, and processing.

3. IOT Regulation & Best Practise

Regulation is also a significant challenge facing IoT in security. Whilst IoT devices are subject to various regulations and standards that must be met to ensure their electrical safety, the standards supporting IoT security, data encryption and networking are as yet, not defined, meaning this will be a future deployment. Annoying and costly if you’ve not deployed well. Additionally, the lack of standardization and best practice models in IoT device security makes it difficult for regulators to define and enforce standards.

Regulatory bodies were established to develop and enforce standards for IoT device security. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has developed a set of standards for IoT device security. Additionally, regulatory bodies, such as the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the European Union Agency for Cybersecurity (ENISA), have also been established to regulate and enforce standards for IoT device security.

4. IoT Device Compatibility

Device compatibility is another significant challenge facing IoT in security. With the vast number of IoT devices available, ensuring they are compatible is necessary. The lack of device compatibility can lead to security vulnerabilities and other issues. As many devices will be discontinued at some point, but may stay in the field for a long time after, security vulnerabilities may be identified but with no OEM patch or update.

To address this challenge, various industry-standard protocols have been developed to ensure that IoT devices are compatible with each other. For example, the Thread protocol is a low-power, secure, scalable networking protocol for connecting IoT devices. Additionally, the Open Connectivity Foundation (OCF) is a non-profit organization that develops standards to ensure IoT device compatibility.

5. Public Perception

Finally, public perception is another significant challenge facing IoT in security. With the increasing number of cyber-attacks and data breaches, the public is becoming increasingly aware of the security risks associated with IoT devices. This has led to a lack of trust in IoT devices, which can harm their adoption and growth.

Various initiatives have been developed to address this challenge to increase public awareness of IoT device security. For example, the UK government has launched a cybersecurity labelling scheme to help consumers identify IoT devices that meet specific security standards. Additionally, various organizations are working to develop security certification programs to ensure that IoT devices meet specific security standards.


IoT has revolutionized our lives and work, providing enhanced convenience and efficiency. However, with the increasing number of interconnected devices, a heightened need for security is needed to protect against cyber threats. The challenges facing IoT in security are significant.

But these challenges are being addressed by developing various security protocols, regulatory bodies, and industry-standard protocols. It is essential to continue to invest in IoT device security to ensure that the benefits of IoT are realized while minimizing the risks.

Cirro offers a number of tools, including an enterprise-grade IoT platform designed for end-end project design, deployment and management, our cyber security visibility tool Caveris is designed to identify and mitigate security risk and keep you compliant, the Hoptroff Traceable Time as a Service helps to ensure all your IoT devices have a standard time broadcast on which to operate, this is base level critical in fault finding.

Additionally, our Application Development team are able to support the integration of these tools into your business. Additionally, we can create desktop IoT applications and our Data Scientist can further enhance your projects by delivering Machine Learning and automation capabilities.